Martijn
van der Meer


PhD-Researcher on Public Health history & Policy advisor on responsible research



About me




I work on the historical interaction between conceptual developments and biomedical practice. During my Bachelor in History at Utrecht University, I discovered these interests as an exchange student at the Medical History and Bioethics Department at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. I specialised in the Dutch history of eugenics, evolutionary theory, and Malthusianism during my MSc in history of science at Utrecht University. These topics motivated me to further explore the history of population health at Oxford University and write a thesis on the role of biological concepts in interwar Dutch public health debates. I revised its chapter on the history of Dutch eugenics as an essay titled ‘Sown without care: Dutch eugenicists and their call for optimising developmental conditions, 1919-1939’. For this manuscript I received the Roy Porter Essay prize from the Society for Social History of Medicine in 2022. The piece is currently under review for publication in Social History of Medicine.

In July 2020, the Dutch Scientific Council (NWO) awarded me funding for my project “Safeguarding a healthy future: Dutch child health intervention between politics and practice 1901-2020.” Through the lense of mother milk, vaccines, and forms, I investigate the historical interaction between conceptual boundaries between normal children and those “at risk”, preventive routines, and collective action with respect to population health in the Netherlands. I use this history to understand how social activity increases in scale by shedding some light on the interactive relationship between conceptual change and collective practice. I do this research at the Erasmus University Rotterdam and the Erasmus MC under the fantastic supervision of Ralf Futselaar, Timo Bolt, and Noortje Jacobs. I receive training in Science and Technology Studies at WTMC - the Netherlands Graduate School of Science, Technology, and Modern Culture.

I am also interested in the historical sociology of late modern science, particularly of research funding, academic publishing culture, peer review, academic career structures, and academic integrity. I deeply care about improving the academic system through interdisciplinary projects fostering a robust, diverse, reflexice, and democratic research culture. Besides my research, I work as a policy maker focused on responsible research at Tilburg University and as a policy advisor on academic integrity and knowledge safety at Erasmus MC. I also act as chair of the Centre of Trial and Error, which I co-founded.


Projects, past and present


PhD researcher : Safeguarding a Healthy Future - preventive child health intervention in between politics and practice, 1901-1920, Erasmus University Rotterdam & Erasmus Medical Centre.

Policy Advisor : academic integrity and knowledge safety (ongoing), Erasmus Medcial Centre.

 : research ethics, data management, privacy, academic integrity (ongoing), Tilburg School of Humanities and Digital Sciences, Tilburg University

Lecturer (ongoing), Utrecht University, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus Medical Centre
‘Journal Club: Medical History’ (BA) 2022
   ‘Biopower: breeding feeding and bleeding for world domination’ (BA) 2022
   ‘Modern history’ (BA) 2022
‘History of Modern Societies’ (BA) 2022
‘Open Science and sociology of science’ (MSc) 2021, 2022
‘History and Sociology of Public Health’ (MSc) 2020
‘Scientific Revolution’ (BSc) 2019, 2020
‘History of the Social Sciences’ (MSc) 2019

Freelance Journalist (ongoing since 2019), Vrij Nederland, NRC. Projects on science, medicine, and society.

Chair and cofounder (ongoing since 2018) : Center and Journal of Trial and Error, www.jtrialerror.com. International publication community aiming to explore uncertainty in science, and publish failed research in a reflective and meaningful manner.

Board member Gewina (ongoing since 2019) : Belgisch Nederlands genootschap voor wetenschaps- en universiteitsgeschiedenis.

Researcher (2020-2022) : Faces of Open Science: a sociological analysis of Open Science, Open Science Programme, Utrecht University




Pubs





For Digitaal Universiteitsblad Utrecht University (DUB), Utrecht University’s Magazine


‘Waarom een kerncurriculum helpt bij het bestrijden van de volgende pandemie’, DUB November 2020.

with M.A. Burke, ‘To all graduate students: science is broken and you need to fix it’, DUB August 2020.

Geesteswetenschappers falen aan de lopende band’, DUB January 2020.

with S.M. Gaillard, ‘Wetenschap, wees eens eerlijk over jezelf!’, DUB December 2019.



Other venues


With J. Schaafsma, ´Universiteiten zitten te slapen, grote uitgeverijen gaan er met hun data vandoor,´ NRC Handelsblad (May 2022).

With J. Schaafsma, '"Pure" Misery: how Open Access makes us more dependent on big publishers,' Univers (November 2021).

With S. de Knecht, L. Brinkman & F. Miedema, ‘(Re)shaping the academic self: connecting education with open science’, published as white paper: https://bit.ly/3f2aNaI.

‘Het vertrouwen in erfelijk alcoholisme’, Wonderkamer: tijdschrift voor wetenschapsgeschiedenis 2.1 (May 2021).

‘Tuberculosevrees: medisch hervormers tussen cultuurpessimisme en maakbaarheid in het interbellum’, Utrecht Student Journal for Young Biomedical Scientists 2.2 (September 2021).


For the Journal of the Trial and Error


with Sean Devine, Max Bautista Perpinyà, Valentine Delrue, Stefan Gaillard, Thomas F.K. Jorna, Martijn van der Meer, Lottricia Millett, Chelsea Pozzebon, and Jobke Visser [equal contribution], ‘Bridging the gap between what is researched and what is published’, Journal of Trial and Error 1.1 (November 2020).

‘Introducing the Journal of Trial and Error to Historians of Science’, Shells and Pebbles, February 2020.

with M. Bautista Perpinyà, S. Galliard, N. Hamman, J. Visser & D. Calveri, [equal contribution] ‘Manifesto for Trial and Error in Science’ on jtrialerror.com. (2019).



Several publications in and with Historisch Tijdschrift Aanzet (HTA)


‘Historici – stop met wenen en kom uw loopgraven uit!, HTA 35.3 (June 2021).

‘De gekke mensen van vroeger: essay-review “Pest en Cholera: een bloedstollende geschiedenis van de geneeskunde”, HTA 35.1 (2020).

‘Geschiedenis, Filosofie én Gezondheidszorg? Review-essay “Basisboek Geschiedenis en Filosofie van de Gezondheidswetenschappen”’, HTA 33.2 (2019).

‘Historici, hedendaagse politiek, en beschuldigingen van 20ste eeuws racisme’, HTA34.3 (2019).

Edited special issue, ‘Themanummer Wetenschapsgeschiedenis’, HTA 33.2 (2019).

‘Medisch Materiaal: een historische interpretatie van patiëntendossiers als bijdrage aan het bio-ethisch debat over objectivering’, HTA 33.3 (2017).

with M. Van der Pluijm, ‘Een pleidooi voor geschiedwetenschap als ambacht’, HTA 32.2 (2016).



For Vrij Nederland


with M.S. Meijer.  ‘Aan ziekte wordt verdiend, aan preventie niet: waarom voorkomen niet altijd beter lijkt dan genezen’, Vrij Nederland 80.10, 2020.

with M.S. Meijer. ‘Flat Earth: Moedig vanuit de Marge’, Vrij Nederland 80.1., 2020.


Talks


Previous
> ‘CHALLENGING TUBERCULOSIS—building a consensus on environmental causes during the Dutch interwar years’, Contested Expertise (Gewina, 16-17.06.2022)

> ‘Academic integrity in the context of systemic change’, Pitch @ Summer Seminar on Research Integrity (VU Amsterdam, 26.08.2021).

> ‘From proximal cause to epidemiological unit: conceptualising the eatiology of tuberculosis during the Dutch interwar years’, Early career workshop: What was Epidemiology? The History of an Undisciplined Field (University of Edinburgh, 17.06.2021).

> ‘Doing Good Science in a Compromising Context’, invited speaker: Seminar of Apollo Society for Translational Medicine (U.M.C. Utrecht, 25.06.2021).

> ‘Wetenschap als geïnstitutionaliseerd vertrouwen’, Invited speaker: VeerEvents (UTwente, 18.02.2021).

> ‘We should rethink big-discovery-science’, Material Pioneers symposium III (T.U. Delft, 18.01.2021).

> ‘Success, at last’, International launch of the Journal of Trial and Error (Utrecht, 30.11.2020).

> ‘A Sonderweg of Dutch Public Health? A conceptual history of heredity during the interwar years’, Annual Graduate History Conference (Oxford University, 10.06.2020).

> ‘Malthus on Man: In Animals no Moral Restraint: Social and Environmental Reform around 1900’,  HPS Graduate colloquium (Utrecht University, 23.04.2019).

> ‘History versus Philosophy of Science: How Applied History Requires Bridging Descriptive and Normative Knowledge’, HPS. Peer Seminar (Utrecht University, 26.11.2019).

> with M. Bautista Perpinyà, ‘Back to Bacon and Boyle: what about publishing trial and error?’, keynote address, LMB Graduate Symposium (University of Cambridge, 12.07.2019).

> with S. D. M. Gaillard, ‘Introducing a Journal of Trial and Error’, Gewina Woudschoten Conference for History of Science, Pecha Kucha format (Woudschoten, 22.06.2019).

> ‘What about a Journal of Trial and Error?’, Descartes Colloquium, (Utrecht University, 19.06.2019).


This is me in a college residence - preparing my first academic talk at Cambridge. It went okay-ish.